The city of Heidelberg lies on the Neckar River, where it emerges from the hills of Odenwald into the Rhine plain. It was the mention of the capital city of Rhenish Palatinate in 1196 until 1720. Most of its famous buildings are located in Baroque architectural style rather than Gothic medieval due to devastation during the thirty years of war. It holds the University of Heidelberg, which is the oldest higher educational institution in the country. It also has developed a significant industrial base, and its manufactures include machines, leather, tobacco, precision instruments, and wood products. Heidelberg’s primary business is tourist trade; millions of people visit Heidelberg Castle every year. In Heidelberg, you are expected to come across the following:
It is the oldest part of the city and sits just below the Schloss. It extends Karlstor on one end and Bismarckplatz on the other along the river. There is a combination of old and new buildings, market squares, arts, history, narrow streets and shopping centers in between. Most of the shopping is centered in Hauptstrasse because it is the main road through Altstadt. Some of the points of interest in Altstadt include the Marktplatz, the Kornmarkt, Synagogue Square, The University, Marstall, Heuscheuer, the Friedrich Memorial, and the Old Bridge.
2. Schloss Heidelberg
Heidelberg Castle is one of the most famous castle ruins in Germany. It sits on a hill overlooking historic Heidelberg. Poets for centuries have been inspired; no wonder it’s a huge tourist attraction around the world. It is located on a spur on the northern slope of Konigstuhl Mountain called Jettenbuhl, where visitors enjoy the splendid view over the Neckar valley. It was built and extended in over three centuries in different styles. If you are wondering how to get to the castle, it’s easy: Once you arrive in the Old Town, watch out for car park twelve at Kornmarkt. From there you walk, and the first stop is the Heidelberg castle.
3. Alte Brucke
It was commissioned in the 18th century by Prince Karl, who is also known as the Old Bridge. This town is a landmark and an example of a stone bridge building. It connects the Old Town to the eastern end of the Neuenheim district. Visitors can find medieval Bridge Gate on the main townsite, its features towers that once served as dungeons for criminals. As you walk, keep an eye for the bridge monkey, a modern recreation of the Old Bridge, which reminds visitors crossing the bridge that they are no better than those on the other side. The monkey represents the idea that those who live outside the city were any better than the other, and they should look over their shoulders as they cross the bridge to remember that. Other sculptures on the bridge include Prince Elector Carl Theodor, who was the builder of the bridge, and one devoted Roman goddess Minerva.
4. Kurpfälzisches Museum
It is a museum of art in Heidelberg, Germany. It is located in Palais Morass, and it was founded in the 1870s when Heidelberg purchased the private collection of the art historian Charles de Graimberg. It is a very in-depth museum with exhibits covering various parts of history, archaeology, paintings, art & crafts, graphics, natural history, and sculptures. Other museum activities include Museum Educational Department, the Works of Art of the Month, and a museum shop. The Kunstverein Heidelberg, contemporary art, has direct rooms.
5. Deutsches Apotheken Museum
The German Museum of Pharmacy came to be established in 1937 and opening the museum itself in 1938 in Munich. The exhibits presented exclusively of donations of the profession, such as private collections of the Rath family, and Walter Heinrici, Pharmacist, Halle, which was finished by numerous single contributions. A few years later, the museum closed down due to World War II, the museum building and pieces of the collections had not been transferred into safe stores, and they were hit by firebombs and destroyed.
In 1957 the museum was reopened in spacious premises of Ottheinrich Renaissance palace building at Heidelberg Castle, where it offers fascinating views to the complete and comprehensive collection of objects all over the world, giving illustrations on the history of pharmacy on the highest quality level to millions’ of visitors every year.
The aim of this museum foundation can be described with the following words: enlargement, preservation, and maintenance of our collections to depict the history of pharmacy.
6. Heidelberg Tun
The Heidelberg Tun or Great Heidelberg Tun is a large vat contained within cellars of Heidelberg Castle. There are four such barrels in the history of Heidelberg, like in 1751 which happens to be its year of construction, the present one capacitated of 221,785 liters. Due to the drying, its current capacity has decreased with some liters. One hundred and thirty trees were used in its construction. It has been used as a wine barrel and presently enjoys more use as a tourist attraction.
It is a path located in the northern banks of the Neckar River. Historically, it was a simple path through the vineyards. However, it was renamed to Philosophenweg during the Romantic Period because many professors who enjoyed the way for its solitude and great views of the city. Till today, the path is still there, complete with gardens offering lovely views of the Neckar River. This path has inspired Joseph von Eichendorff and Friend Holderlin.
It is a large wooded hill overlooking the city of Heidelberg. It rises around 440 meters standard elevation zero equivalents to sea level in Germany. It has been a site for many historic and prehistoric constructions, including a Celtic hilltop fortification, a Roman sacred precinct, several medieval monasteries, and modern lookout towers built by the Nazis.
9. Church of the Holy Spirit
The church of the Holy Spirit was first mentioned in a manuscript from 1239. The foundations of the current church were laid on the site where the older church stood. Thus the third sacral building on the site. The construction lasted for one hundred and fifty years. The work was interrupted until 1508, and the tower was finished. In 1709, after the church was set on fire by the French, it was rebuilt and received a baroque spire.
The students’ prison is located at the back of Old University in Augustinergasse. Students were imprisoned in a place called Kavaliersdelikt, which was kind of fashionable among otherwise honorable men inscribed at Heidelberg University. Common offenses were disturbances of the peace, after excessive drinking of alcohol at night, insulting official authorities, or even playing jokes at them. During the years, the university administration had legal rights to detain indisciplined students.
Depending on the seriousness of the offense, imprisonment would be up to three days to four weeks. One was allowed to attend all the lectures but after the lectures, the juvenile delinquents would return them to jail.
11. House of the Knight
This burgher’s house owes its name to the bust of St George in knight’s costume on the scrolled pediment. It is the only house from the end of the Renaissance that survived the devastation. The walls of the Knights’ are decorated in portraits of Prince Elector Carl Philipp’s ancestry. The history of architecture is considered one of the most impressive monuments. The house was then named after the sculpture, called Zum Ritter Sankt Georg. The structure design of the building façade is one point that attracts many to see the great building. Façade’s surface is designed with ornaments that are beautifully arranged.
Bask in the sunshine and temperature of Germany’s warmest cities.at Neckarwiese. Local families, groups of friends come to enjoy this stretch of greenery set on the northern banks of the Neckar River. Visitors flock in their park throughout the mild summer months. Watch games of soccer, Frisbee and volleyball take place around you.
From the Old Town reach Neckarwiese by walking across Karl Theodor Bridge and Theodor Heuss Bridge. Neckarwiese is an excellent vantage point for watching the Heidelberg castle.
The Jesuit Church was built in 1712 and completed in 1723. During the years, the chancel and adjacent cross beam of the nave were built. In the second construction, the exterior and the facades were completed. The original Baroque interior is not preserved. The only one remaining is the central altar painting created by a student of Kaulbach. In the northeast corner of the church is where you find the tomb of Prince-Elector Friedrich.
Today, these buildings are used by the university’s philosophical seminary and the university’s administration. Features of the exterior are towered façade of red sandstone, the statues of four cardinal virtues, which adorns the 75 meter’s high dome. He decorated the dome with scenes from the life of the founder of the order, while the nave had over 460 square meters whose content referred to the subject of the high altar. On the city’s 300th anniversary, the church was extensively renovated.
It has the six side altars and font in the crossing beneath the dome where four frescoes are representing the continents by the Mannheim Baroque. The leading case is in the west gallery is built according to a design of the elector’s court sculptor Paul Edgell.
The Konigstuhl is a 567 meters high hill in the Odenwald Mountains and the city of Heidelberg where it is located. Many visitors visit the site to get to know the place and have an excellent adventure in Germany. In the mountains, there are right air conditions and also great features for tourists to venture in and have the best time around them. It also brings extra income to the country, and that makes the country grow its economy massively.
Most tourists like the Konigstuhl for having good memories when in it and that makes more and more new tourists come and get attracted to the site. The Königstuhl allows visitors to view the city of Heidelberg and the Neckar River. When on good days with the right conditions, the view extends to the Palatinate Forest, which is 40 to 50 kilometers away.
The hill is linked to Kornmarkt, a two-section historic funicular railway that stops at the Heidelberg Castle located on the lower slopes of the Konigstuhl and the ultimate stop at the mountain top, which hosts a restaurant entertainment park for kids and various walking paths. In the park for kids, the kids play to the maximum, and happy memories live in their minds.
As a part of his mission, the entire German population during the Nazi regime, Joseph Goebbels started the Thing movement to build vast outdoor settings where people could come and gather to construct outdoor amphitheaters called Thingstatte. At the Thingstatte it incorporates bodies of water, ruins, rocks, hills of historical importance, people get together for propaganda presentations. The Thingstatte planned by Goebbels, only 43 finished the movement as the movement did not gain popularity with the people of Germany. It was situated on the Heiligenberg and covers over 25 meters of sloping land and overlooks the city.
The mountain is littered with burial grounds and once hosted in a Roman temple at the summit dedicated to the god Mercury. It was designed by the architect Alker, who worked for Reich Labor Service and have experience of so many years in the profession which gave him the ability to be the best designer around. The Heidelberg Thingstatte features two hexagonal towers constructed to hold flag, sound, and lighting. After the Thingstatte fell out of favor, the site turned into a public park and remained one till date.